[1]肖璐娜 张 箭.马在澳大利亚的引进及传播[J].中国农史,2019,38(03):33-45.
 XIAO Lu-na ZHANG Jian.Introduction and Spread of Horses in Australia[J].SAMSON,2019,38(03):33-45.
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马在澳大利亚的引进及传播()
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《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
38
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
33-45
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Introduction and Spread of Horses in Australia
作者:
肖璐娜 张 箭
(四川大学 历史文化学院,四川 成都 610065)
Author(s):
XIAO Lu-na ZHANG Jian
(College of History and Culture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065)
关键词:
旧大陆澳洲农业文明
Keywords:
horsethe old worldAustralianagricultural civilization
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
马是人类最成功、最重要的驯化动物之一。作为拖曳、骑乘用畜,它在历史上大规模的民族迁移、文化交流、冲突战争等方面扮演了重要的角色。早期澳洲大陆并没有野马分布,驯化也就无从谈起。直到1788年英国“第一舰队”抵达澳洲,马才逐渐被引入。之后,马作为役使家畜被重点引进培育,成为澳大利亚早期农业发展的重要畜力和运输工具。旧大陆的马传入新大陆澳洲不仅是家畜的传播,更是新旧大陆农业文明交流的结晶。
Abstract:
Horse is one of the most successful and important animals that were domesticated by human beings. As a towing and riding animal, it played an important role of large-scale ethnic migration, cultural exchanges, and conflict war in history. There was no wild or domesticated horse in the Australian mainland in its early time. It was after 1788 the British “First Fleet” arrived in Australia that the horse was gradually introduced. Later, the horse, as slaving livestock, was focused on the cultivation and developed into an essential animal power and transportation tool for early agricultural development in Australia. In a word, the spread of the horse from the old world to the new world of Australia meant the exchange of livestock and the communication of agriculture.

相似文献/References:

[1]张兰星.旧大陆小麦在新大陆的栽种及传播[J].中国农史,2016,35(05):22.
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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01