[1]冯志洁 严火其.明清时期江南清明卜叶习俗与桑叶市场[J].中国农史,2019,38(03):96-103.
 FENG Zhi-jie YAN Huo-qi.The Mulberry Leaves Divination at Clear and Bright and Mulberry Leaves’ Markets in Jiangnan in Ming and Qing[J].SAMSON,2019,38(03):96-103.
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明清时期江南清明卜叶习俗与桑叶市场()
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《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
38
期数:
2019年03期
页码:
96-103
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Mulberry Leaves Divination at Clear and Bright and Mulberry Leaves’ Markets in Jiangnan in Ming and Qing
作者:
冯志洁 严火其
(南京农业大学 人文与社会发展学院,江苏 南京 210095)
Author(s):
FENG Zhi-jie YAN Huo-qi
(College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095)
关键词:
江南 蚕桑 卜叶 叶市
Keywords:
Jiangnansericulture and mulberrymulberry leaves divinationmulberry leaves’ markets
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
明清时期,江南蚕桑区普遍存在着清明占卜叶事的习俗,蚕桑户通过各种方式占卜当年桑叶丰歉、叶价高低。这一习俗的形成与传播是当地蚕桑生产兴盛的折射。随着蚕桑生产的规模化、专业化、商品化进程,江南桑叶市场不断发展,并涌现出一批专门交易桑叶的特色市镇。叶市价格剧烈波动的特性,让种桑、养蚕的农户以及专事桑叶贸易的经营者都承担着很大的经济风险。作为蚕桑生产的主要劳动力,女性成为经济风险的主要承担者。卜叶正是为了缓释这种风险和压力而产生的民俗事象。这类习俗既反映了农户希望借助超自然力量消灾祈福的心理,也指导着农户调整蚕桑生产规模,推进了江南蚕桑生产发展。
Abstract:
The mulberry leaves divination at Clear and Bright was popular in Jiangnan during Ming and Qing. People divined the output and price of the mulberry leaves. This custom was generated because of the prosperous of sericulture and mulberry production here. By the large-scale, specialization and commercialization of sericulture and mulberry production, the mulberry leaves’ markets devoloped. Some town for selling mulberry leaves came into being. The price of mulberry leaves fluctuated extremely. The mulberry planters, the sericulturists and leave sellers both took a big risk. Women often bore the risk as the major workforce. The mulberry leaves divination relieved the pressure and risk. This custom reflected the mentality that people hope blessing by mana. It also guided people adjust scale of production, and promoted the development of sericulture and mulberry production in Jiangnan.

相似文献/References:

[1]范虹珏 胡浩.明清时期江南市镇特色发展研究:从特色产业到特色小镇——基于内生发展理论的视角[J].中国农史,2018,37(02):87.
[2]陈 岭.民国前期江南水利纷争与地方政治运作——以苏浙太湖水利工程局为中心[J].中国农史,2017,36(06):87.
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[3]杨 虎.明清江南蚕桑生产及其行销路径与社会效应分析[J].中国农史,2016,35(02):108.
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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01