[1]杨 薇 蒋志龙 姚辉芸 陈雪香.云南滇池地区石寨山文化时期的农业结构研究——以晋宁河泊所遗址植物遗存分析为例[J].中国农史,2021,40(02):36-47.
 YANG Wei JIANG Zhi-long YAO Alice CHEN Xue-xiang.A Study on the Agricultural Structure of the Shizhaishan Culture in Dian Lake Area, Yunnan Province, China:From the Perspective of the Plant Remains at Hebosuo Site[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2021,40(02):36-47.
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云南滇池地区石寨山文化时期的农业结构研究——以晋宁河泊所遗址植物遗存分析为例()
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《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
40
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
36-47
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Study on the Agricultural Structure of the Shizhaishan Culture in Dian Lake Area, Yunnan Province, China:From the Perspective of the Plant Remains at Hebosuo Site
作者:
杨 薇1 蒋志龙2 姚辉芸3 陈雪香4
(1.山东大学 历史文化学院,山东 济南 250100;2.云南省文物考古研究所,云南 昆明 650118;3.芝加哥大学 人类学系,美国 芝加哥 IL 60637;4.山东大学 文化遗产研究院,山东 青岛 266237)
Author(s):
YANG Wei1 JIANG Zhi-long2 YAO Alice3 CHEN Xue-xiang4
(1. School of History and Culture, Shandong University, Jinan 250100; 2. Yunnan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Kunming 650118; 3. Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, Chicago IL 60637; 4. Institute for Cultural Heritage, Shandong University, Qingdao 266237)
关键词:
青铜时代河泊所遗址石寨山文化植物考古农作物结构
Keywords:
Bronze Age Hebosuo Site Shizhaishan culture archaeobotany crop structure
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
河泊所遗址位于滇池东南岸,是一处重要的石寨山文化聚落遗址。2014年,考古人员对此进行了系统的采样和浮选工作。浮选发现了小麦、稻、粟、黍、大豆等炭化谷物和大量的稻基盘,以及丰富的杂草种子。在炭化谷物中,稻、小麦和粟的数量百分比和出土概率较高,应当是主要的农作物种类。黍、大豆和赤豆的数量百分比及出土概率较低,是辅助性的农作物种类。基于农作物加工废弃物及杂草种子的分析,我们认为河泊所遗址的稻为本地种植。此外,结合光坟头和学山遗址发现的植物遗存来看,石寨山文化时期滇池地区已开始了小麦、稻、粟、黍、大豆及大麦等多种农作物的种植,云南地区主要的作物结构在此时期已经形成。
Abstract:
The Hebosuo site is an important settlement of the Shizhaishan culture which is located on the southeast bank of Dian Lake. During the excavation in 2014, we carried out systematic sampling and flotation. Carbonized grains such as wheat, rice, foxtail millet, broomcorn millet, soybean and a large amount of rice spikelet bases, as well as abundant weed seeds were found in the flotation. Among the carbonized grains, rice, wheat and millet have a higher percentage and probability of being unearthed and should be the main crops. Broomcorn millet, soybean and adzuki bean have a low percentage and probability of being unearthed and are auxiliary crops. Based on the analysis of crop processing waste and weed seeds, we believe that the rice at the Hebosuo site is locally grown. In addition, based on the plant remains found at the Guangfentou and Xueshan sites, we konw that crops such as wheat, rice, foxtail millet, broomcorn millet, soybean, and barley have been planted generally around the Dian Lake area during the Shizhaishan period, and the main crop structure in Yunnan has been formed since then.
更新日期/Last Update: 2021-05-07