[1]王志通.民国时期甘南禁烟与民众应对[J].中国农史,2022,41(02):111-121.
 WANG Zhi-tong.Prohibit Opium and People’s Responce in Gannan Area during the Republic of China[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2022,41(02):111-121.
点击复制

民国时期甘南禁烟与民众应对()
分享到:

《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
111-121
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Prohibit Opium and People’s Responce in Gannan Area during the Republic of China
作者:
王志通
(兰州大学 历史文化学院,甘肃 兰州 730020)
Author(s):
WANG Zhi-tong
(School of History and Cuiture, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020)
关键词:
地方民众国民政府甘南地区禁烟
Keywords:
Local people National Government Gannan area prohibit opium
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
鸦片烟毒危害中国甚巨,南京国民政府自成立初就厉行禁烟。甘肃实施禁政后,甘南地区成为甘肃种烟的重点区域,汉、回、藏族民众围绕鸦片的种、运、吸、售逐渐形成了多民族互动的利益链条。地方政府成立相关组织,推行各项禁政,而地方政教势力则包庇种植和销售鸦片,借机自肥,部落民众则为维护切身利益,在遵守和违背禁烟政令之间随意切换,表现出较强的独立性。政府即便实施武力剿铲,也无法成功禁绝烟毒。民众是禁政推行的关键,他们的态度和行为决定着治理的成效。
Abstract:
Opium had brought great disaster to China, so the Nanjing National Government had strictly banned opium since its inception. Since opium was prohibited in Gansu, Gannan had become a key area for opium cultivation in the whole province. The Han, Hui and Tibetan people had gradually formed a multi-ethnic interactive interest chain around the planting, transportation, smoking and sale of opium. Governments set up some organizations to implement various prohibition policies, local political and religious people covered up the planting and sale of opium to enrich themselves. Tribal people switched freely between abiding by and violating the policy in order to safeguard their vital interests, which showed strong independence. Even if governments used force, it would not succeed in prohibiting opium. The frontier people was the key to the prohibition policies implementation. Their attitude and behavior determined the effectiveness of frontier governance.

相似文献/References:

[1]邱少晖 张祥稳.民国时期信用合作立法遏止农村高利贷问题研究[J].中国农史,2017,36(03):55.
 QIU Shao-hui ZHANG Xiang-wen.Studies on Cooperative Credit Legislation in order to Contain Rural Usurious Loans during the National Government of China[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2017,36(02):55.

更新日期/Last Update: 2022-05-07