[1]李 烊 刘祖云.近代中国乡村建设思想的回眸、反思与展望——以梁漱溟、晏阳初和费孝通为中心的考察[J].中国农史,2022,41(02):122-135.
 LI Yang LIU Zu-yun.Review, Reflection and Prospect of Rural Construction Thought in Modern China:An Investigation Centered on Liang Shu-ming,Yan Yang-chu and Fei Xiao-tong[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2022,41(02):122-135.
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近代中国乡村建设思想的回眸、反思与展望——以梁漱溟、晏阳初和费孝通为中心的考察()
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《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
41
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
122-135
栏目:
出版日期:
2022-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Review, Reflection and Prospect of Rural Construction Thought in Modern China:An Investigation Centered on Liang Shu-ming,Yan Yang-chu and Fei Xiao-tong
作者:
李 烊 刘祖云
(南京农业大学 公共管理学院,江苏 南京 210095)
Author(s):
LI Yang LIU Zu-yun
(College of Public Administration,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095)
关键词:
乡村建设费孝通梁漱溟晏阳初理论反思当代价值
Keywords:
rural construction Fei Xiao-tong Liang Shu-ming Yan Yang-chu theoretical reflection contemporary value
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
梁漱溟、晏阳初和费孝通是中国乡村实践史与学术思想史上的关键人物,其思想理论亦是值得后辈珍视的重要历史遗产。“文化、制度与主体”作为一个整体性框架,可以被用来梳理、比较不同乡建思想的逻辑与差异。研究表明:三位先生对中国乡村问题的认识,包含了“文化失调、制度失范与主体失能”三重归因机制;三位先生分别为中国乡村发展,制定了“礼俗重建、生计重建与新民重建”三条取径策略。近代乡建思想的历史局限体现为可能的文化等级论倾向以及对乡村社会结构二重性的忽视。其当代价值的实现,需要研究者继承“整体性思维”的学术品格,重拾关于“文化”与“人心”的学术关切,并建构“超越结构/能动二元对立”的“过程社会学”分析范式。
Abstract:
Liang Shu-ming, Yan Yang-chu and Fei Xiao-tong are the key figures in the history of Chinese rural practice and academic thought. Their thoughts and theories are also important historical heritages worthy of cherishing by future generations. Their rural construction thoughts can be systematically sorted out in the three-dimensional framework of "culture, system and subject". Their analysis of rural problems in China includes a triple attribution mechanism with "cultural imbalance, institutional anomie and subject disability" as the main content. They formulated three strategies for the development of rural society in China: the reconstruction of etiquette and customs, the reconstruction of new people and the reconstruction of livelihood. The historical limitations of modern rural construction thought are reflected in the possible tendency of cultural hierarchy and the neglect of the duality of rural social structure. To realize the contemporary value of modern rural construction thought, researchers need to inherit the academic character of "holistic thinking", regain the academic concern about "culture" and "thought", and construct a new academic paradigm of "beyond the binary opposition of structure/activism".

相似文献/References:

[1]马斗成 刘文玉.南京国民政府时期青岛粮价波动与政府应对(1929—1937)[J].中国农史,2021,40(04):45.
 MA Dou-cheng LIU Wen-yu.Food Price Fluctuation and Government’s Responses during the Period of Nanjing National Government[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2021,40(02):45.

更新日期/Last Update: 2022-05-07