[1]马 烈 李 军.近代中国农业生产中南北方农民维持生存用工量的比较[J].中国农史,2021,40(03):84-93.
 MA Lie LI Jun.A Comparison of the Amount of Labor Used in Agricultural Production to Maintain the Subsistence of Farmers in Northern and Southern China of Modern Times[J].AGRICULTURAL HISTORY OF CHINA,2021,40(03):84-93.
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近代中国农业生产中南北方农民维持生存用工量的比较()
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《中国农史》[ISSN:1000-4459/CN:32-1061/S]

卷:
40
期数:
2021年03期
页码:
84-93
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-06-04

文章信息/Info

Title:
A Comparison of the Amount of Labor Used in Agricultural Production to Maintain the Subsistence of Farmers in Northern and Southern China of Modern Times
作者:
马 烈 李 军
(中国农业大学 经济管理学院,北京100083)
Author(s):
MA Lie LI Jun
(College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083)
关键词:
近代 农业生产 南北方农民 用工量
Keywords:
modern times agricultural production the farmers in northern and southern China the amount of labor
分类号:
S-09;K207
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
近代中国农民的生活水平问题一直是经济史研究的重点,但目前的研究多侧重于农民生活水平的整体研究,尚缺乏某一具体层面的探讨。本文从农业生产“南稻北麦”的基本格局出发,在利用近代农业统计数据的基础上,将南北方农民通过生产获得维持自己家庭生存的粮食所需的用工量进行量化比较,结果发现南方农民相较于北方农民花费更少的用工量就可以生产出自己家庭所需的粮食,从侧面证明近代南方农民的生活水平总体高于北方。
Abstract:
The living standards of farmers in modern China have always been the focus of economic history research, but the current researches mostly focus on the overall research of farmers’ living standards, and there is still lack of discussion on a specific aspect. Starting from the basic pattern of agricultural production " the rice mainly grown in the south and the wheat mainly grown in the north ", this article quantifies the amount of labor required by farmers in the north and south of China to produce food which sustain their families on the basis of modern agricultural statistics. It is found that farmers in the south can produce food for their families with less labor than farmers in the north, which proves from the side of that the living standard of farmers in the south is higher than that in the north.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2021-07-18